Special Education Services
The Exceptional Student Services Department of the Roosevelt Elementary School District provides services to children, ages 3 - 21 with disabilities.
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA, 2004) defines "child with a disability" as a child who has a qualifying disability and by reason thereof is in need of special education and related services. In other words, under the IDEA it is not enough to simply have a qualifying disability. The disability must cause the child to need special education and related services in order to access the general curriculum, which is the same curriculum taught to all children.
In Arizona, the categories of disability for children age 3 through 21 are:
- Autism (A)
- Developmental Delay (DD)
- Emotional Disability (ED)
- Hearing Impairment (HI)
- Mild Intellectual Disability (MIID)
- Moderate Intellectual Disability (MOID)
- Multiple Disabilities (MD)
- Multiple Disabilities with Severe Sensory Impairment (MDSSI)
- Orthopedic Impairment (OI)
- Other Health Impairment (OHI)
- Preschool Severe Delay (PSD)
- Severe Intellectual Disability (SID)
- Specific Learning Disability (SLD)
- Speech/Language Impairment (SLI)
- Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
- Visual Impairment (VI)
Although the IDEA defines each disability category, the specific qualifications for each category may vary from state to state. In Arizona, several of the categories require additional components other than those described in the IDEA, such as verification by a qualified professional for some disabilities.3
In Arizona, when a child with a disability is eligible in more than one disability category, state per pupil funding is based on the category that has the highest add- on weight. Arizona does not restrict schools from addressing students’ needs that are not specifically linked to their particular disability categories. Instead, individualized education program (IEP) teams must ensure that all needs are considered (Gregson & Chavez, 2018).
Related Services are available for students with disabilities and may include, as determined by the child’s IEP team:
- Assistive Technology (AT)
- Audiology Services
- Occupational Therapy (OT)
- Orientation and Mobility (O & M)
- Physical Therapy (PT)
- Specialized Transportation
For copies of all SpED records please call 602. 243. 4866, or contact your child's school.
Gregson, K., Esq., & Chavez, S., M.Ed. (2018). The Special Education Handbook: A brief overview of the history and requirements of Part B of the IDEA. Retrieved from http://www.azed.gov/disputeresolution/resources-links/